Old Phoenician deity, probably a healing deity (> šmn, ‘Oil’), interpreted by the Greeks as Asclepius and also as Apollo. An important sanctuary of the cult of Esmun, which was widespread around the Mediterranean, was situated near Ṣidon (Bustān aš-Šaiḫ). In Tyrus, Esmun was associated with Melqart.
1 E. Lipiński, s.v. E., DCPP, 158-160
2 R. Stucky, Die Skulpturen aus dem E.-Heiligtum bei Sidon: griech., röm., kypr. und phönik. Statuen vom 6. Jh. v.-3. Jh. n. Chr., 1993.
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Müller-Kessler, Christa (Emskirchen),
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 30 June 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e402560>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510