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Ethos
(468 words)

[German version]

(ἦθος; êthos, character) was primarily a philosophical concept and as such concerned man's free actions with regard to specific moral criteria. It was accordingly the result of a decision to behave in a certain way and it conferred merit upon the actor depending on the degree to which that behaviour corresponded to the relevant ideal of virtue. In the literary field, ethos served to characterize the different people in a work, whereas in rhetoric it had from the earliest times a fundamental function for persuading and convincing. In Greek rhetoric ethos involved the or…

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Calboli Montefusco, Lucia (Bologna), “Ethos”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 26 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e403080>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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