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Executor
(149 words)

[German version]

In the mancipation will of Roman law ( Testament) the testator assigned his property by  mancipatio to a ‘purchaser of the family’ (familiae emptor). The latter may possibly have acted as an executor in the archaic period but there is no reference to it in any of the sources [1. 108, 679; 3. 1014]. In Classical Roman law of the 1st-3rd cents. AD, execution of wills existed as a separate institution only in embryonic form: by  fideicommissum an heir or legatee might be obligated to release the estate or a portion of it to another party, or by instruction ( mandatum ) someone m…

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Manthe, Ulrich (Passau), “Executor”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 03 August 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1205280>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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