Brill’s New Pauly

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Faiyum
(185 words)

[German version]

Large oasis c. 80 km south-west of Cairo with a lake in the north. Name from Egyptian p-jm (‘the sea’, older names ts̄, ‘lake land’ and š-rsj, ‘southern lake’, Greek ἡ λίμνη (hē límnē) or Κροκοδιλοπολίτης νομός (Krokodilopolítēs nomós), from 256/5 onwards Ἀρσινοίτης νομός/Arsionoḯtēs nomós). The capital city Šdjt ( Arsinoe [III 2]) is mentioned early but it was not until the 12th Dynasty that F. was developed through dam construction, especially under Amenemhet III (c. 1853-1808) who was still considered a local hero in Roman times. The chief god wa…

Cite this page
Jansen-Winkeln, Karl (Berlin), “Faiyum”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 06 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e409470>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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