Brill’s New Pauly

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(795 words)

[German version]

Roman name for partners in treaties with Rome, who were independent subjects in international law. The parties to the treaties were geographically in direct contact with the Imperium Romanum or were counted as part of it. Proculus calls all foederati externi (Dig. 49,15,7), but at the time of the Republic there were foederati on provincial soil (Cic. Verr. 5,51). The term has purely political implications, locating it geographically at the borders of the empire is inadequate. From the Principate period treaties were made by the emp…

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Heider, Ulrich (Cologne), “Foederati”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 03 July 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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