Brill’s New Pauly

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(391 words)

[German version]

Ceremonial treaty of peace and friendship between Rome and another state which is placed under the protection of the gods. By contrast to a truce (indutiae) the foedus was drawn up for the long term (pia et aeterna pax). The result of the foedus was a  societas or an  amicitia , Rome's partners were  foederati ,  socii or amici (the terms are not strictly differentiated). Originally the foedera were probably signed by the  fetiales in the form of a sponsio (Liv. 1,24); later their role was confined to supervising the religious formalities. The foedus was usually signed by…

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Galsterer, Hartmut (Bonn), “Foedus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 27 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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