Brill’s New Pauly

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(8,477 words)

I. Archaeology and urban studies

[German version]

A. Definition and Function

Latin term for market, market place; rarely also the forecourt of a tomb (in the meaning of Greek drómos, e.g. Cic. Leg. 2,61) or part of a wine press (Varro, Rust. 1,54; Columella 11,2,71).

As the mercantile and administrative centre of a Roman city ( Town/City), the forum, which took the form of a large open space framed by buildings, was essentially the equivalent of the Greek  a…

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Höcker, Christoph (Kissing), Paulus, Christoph Georg (Berlin), Hurschmann, Rolf (Hamburg), Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) and Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart), “Forum”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 29 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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