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Fruit
(338 words)

[German version]

(ὀπῶραι/opôrai, Lat. poma). Collective term for edible fruits or seed kernels (hazelnut, almond, pine kernel, etc.), usually from fruit trees. Ancient authors distinguish, according to the time of ripening of the fruit, early summer, summer and autumn fruits (e.g. Gal. de alimentorum facultatibus 2,2; 8). The most important cultivated fruits in the Roman imperial period were  apples, pears, dates,  figs, pomegranates,  plums,  quinces and grapes ( Wine) with many respective subspecies (a list of these and other fruits in Plin. HN 15,35-105). Fo…

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Gutsfeld, Andreas (Münster), “Fruit”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 19 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e827600>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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