Brill’s New Pauly

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Ancient authors connect the F. etymologically with furere (‘to rave’, ‘to rage’), furia (‘fury’, ‘anger’) and thereby equate them, as do Cicero (Nat. D. 3,46) and later authors, with the Eumenides/ Erinys, but also, following the example set by Virgil (Aen. 3,252) and others, with the  Harpyies. Less importantly, the F. are regarded as the Latin translation of  maníai , which refers to the epiclesis of the Erinys (Paus. 8,34,1). The identification of the F. with the old Italic goddess  Furrina is contested. Dirae (‘the horrific ones’) is another designation …

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Maharam, Wolfram-Aslan (Gilching), “Furiae”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 24 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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