Brill’s New Pauly

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(2,325 words)

[2] Gardens

[German version]

I. Ancient Orient and Egypt

In the immediate proximity of homes, gardens were important providers of shade for humans and livestock. Pleasure gardens as part of palace grounds enhanced prestige. As part of the temple grounds they symbolized the cosmos. The Garden of Eden is a mythological invention (Gen 2,8; 2,15). Gardens were depicted in reliefs (Assyria) and wall pai…

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Renger, Johannes (Berlin), Carroll-Spillecke, Maureen (Cologne) and Egelhaaf-Gaiser, Ulrike (Potsdam), “Gardens”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 03 June 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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