Administrators of goods and representatives of the king's interests in the Lombardic kingdom, first attested under Authari (AD 584-590). Since the 7th cent. they watched over the dukes (cf. Edictus Rothari 23); in the 8th cent. they could preside over courts of law. They were directly subject to the king in their non-inheritable office. In the Duchies of Spoleto and Benevent they administered the most important towns for the dukes.
C. G. Mor, Lo stato longobardo nel VII secolo, 1969, 1, 271ff.
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Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) and
Strothmann, Meret (Bochum),
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 18 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e419220>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510