Brill’s New Pauly

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Gaumata
(239 words)

[German version]

(Old Persian Gōmāta; Elamitic Kammadda; Akkadian Gumātu). A magus ( Magi) [3. DB 39], who seized power after Cambyses had his brother  Bardiya [1] assassinated, on Cambyses' absence on campaign in Egypt. To justify his usurpation he claimed to be Bardiya. After Cambyses' death  Darius [1] I. and six noble Persians (Aspathines,  Hydarnes,  Intaphernes,  Gobryas,  Megabyzus, and  Otanes) brought the rule of G./Bardiya to an end and killed him (522 BC). A detailed description is in the  Bisutun inscription of Darius I, which in content is largely identical w…

Cite this page
Kuhrt, Amélie (London) and Sancisi-Weerdenburg, Helen (Utrecht), “Gaumata”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 22 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e419600>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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