Brill’s New Pauly

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Gentile
(502 words)

[German version]

The gentile ─ signifying membership to a family ( Gens ) ─ is bequeathed by the father to the children and kept by the wife after marriage. It is the defining element in the Roman and Middle Italian system of personal names ( Personal names: Rome and Italia), occupying second place after the praenomen in the formula for names. Aside from birth, other possibilities existed of attaining a gentile: a) through  adoption, wherein the adopted person receives the gentile of the adoptive father; his prior gentile added as a suffix at first (P. Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus, son of L. …

Cite this page
Rix, Helmut (Freiburg), “Gentile”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 15 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e421690>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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