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Geology
(383 words)

[German version]

Geology, in modern understanding, is the science of physical nature (mineralogy, metallurgy) and of the structure, formation, and development of earth's crust (tectonics) as well as the forces that shaped this development (‘dynamic geology’). Antiquity only knew the first beginnings of a comparable scientific discipline [1. 8-50; 2]. Geological technologies ( Mining,  Quarries) were implemented even before specific geological questions began to be studied in Near Eastern theories of the world's origin ( World, creation of the; Eg…

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Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart), “Geology”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 24 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e421960>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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