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Gilgamesh, Gilgamesh Epic
(592 words)

[German version]

(Gilgameš, Gilgameš Epic). G., legendary ruler of  Uruk in southern Mesopotamia; linked in the sources passed down to us with the construction of the 9-km long city wall of Uruk around 2900 BC. Non-literary sources already mention G. about 2700 BC. The rulers of the 3rd dynasty of Ur (21st cent. BC) originating in Uruk maintained that they were genealogically connected with G. and therefore fostered the stories passed down about G. and his equally legendary predecessors ( Epic) in order to glorify and legitimize the dynasty ( Genealogy). The written form of the Epi…

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Renger, Johannes (Berlin), “Gilgamesh, Gilgamesh Epic”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 05 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e424480>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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