The area of Bactria in north-east Iran is a country with an old culture with an early developed city culture and an Iranian population. Greeks settled there sporadically as early as under the Achaemenids ; however, one cannot as yet speak of a Greek population, with . Not until under Alexander  the Great, who conquered the country in a gruelling two-year war, were several settlements started for the veterans of his army. Bactria became a Hell…
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Karttunen, Klaus (Helsinki),
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 13 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e427130>