Grai, Graeci
(273 words)

[German version]

(Γραί; Graí, Γραικοί; Graikoí). In Latin the Greeks were called Graei (singular Graius) and (often in a form expanded by the ethnicon suffix -ko) Graeci. It seems reasonable that this name was originally applied to a tribe neighbouring an Italic one, i.e. probably a north-western Greek tribe. It is identified as the Graikoí of Thessaly who disappeared at an early date. Their eponym Graecus was considered by some to be a son of a sister of Hellen (Hes. Cat. 5), so that the Graikoí were not Greeks but their near relatives (much as according to Hes. Cat. 7 the Magn…

Cite this page
Gschnitzer, Fritz (Heidelberg), “Grai, Graeci”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 16 October 2018 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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