Brill’s New Pauly

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[German version]

I. Ancient Orient

The various species of hulled and naked wheat (triticum = t.) and barley (hordeum) are among the earliest domesticated plants of the Middle East (Q. Ǧarmu; Çatal H.;  Faiyum). Besides  emmer (t. dicoccum) and einkorn (t. monococcum), both hulled, the common or bread wheat (naked; t. aestivum) are also species of wheat. The fact that the hulled sorts, which require more work (removal of the hull through roasting), also predominated in…

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Nissen, Hans Jörg (Berlin) and Sallares, Robert (Manchester), “Grain”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 17 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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