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Greece, languages
(649 words)

[German version]

Before the arrival of the Greeks (beginning of the 2nd millennium BC) and the consequent spread of the Greek language in Greece (mainland, Peloponnese, Aegean) already in the Mycenaean period, other  pre-Greek languages were spoken; they have left traces especially in the vocabulary and  onomatology and they co-existed with the Greek language in conditions that varied from region to region until the classical period.

Written materials of the second millennium are limited to a hieroglyphic-pictographic script (Crete, end of the third millennium until about 1500;  H…

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García-Ramón, José Luis (Cologne), “Greece, languages”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 23 June 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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