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Gum (kommi)
(105 words)

[German version]

As a loan-word from Egyptian, κόμμι (kómmi) first appears in Hdt. 2,86 as an adhesive for the linen bandages of embalmed corpses. It was extracted from the so-called Egyptian thorn Acacia arabica = nilotica ( Acacia) that is already described by Theophr. Hist. pl. 4,2,8 (cf. spina nigra, Plin. HN 13,63). Plin. HN 13,66 mentions further suppliers of gum. Dioscorides 1,133 p. 1, 205 Wellmann = 1,160 p. 225 Berendes knows gum from the skeletonweed, Chondrilla iuncea L. (Compositae). The medical importance of various cummi, for eyes and wounds among other things, is…

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Hünemörder, Christian (Hamburg), “Gum (kommi)”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 15 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e500260>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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