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Gyges
(420 words)

(Γύγης; Gýgēs).

[German version]

[1] Lyd. king, 7th cent BC

Lydian king (c. 680-644 BC) and founder of the Mermnade Dynasty, is said, according to Herodotus (1,12), to have married the wife of his predecessor  Candaules, murdered by him, and (in this way) to have won rule in Sardis. It is uncertain from where the Lydian-speaking Mermnades came (from Maionia/Mysia?). In any case they were probably not in Sardis until the 1st millennium. Their relationship with the Luvian-speaking ([1. 384,10]  Luvian,  Lydian…

Cite this page
Högemann, Peter (Tübingen), “Gyges”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e500580>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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