Brill’s New Pauly

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(3,037 words)

(γυμνάσιον; gymnásion).

[German version]

I. Building style

Public facility for sporting and musical leisure activities in the Greek polis; the term is derived from γυμνός/gymnós (naked) and refers to the  nakedness at sports practices and competitions. Synonymous with gymnasium for the period from the 4th cent. BC in ancient written sources as well as in modern specialized literature is the concept of the  palaistra (cf. Vitruvius 5,11). This as the ‘Wrestler school’ originally referred only to a funct…

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Höcker, Christoph (Kissing) and Hadot, Pierre (Limours), “Gymnasium”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 23 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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