(349 words)

[German version]

(γυμνῆτες; Gymnêtes). Lightly-armed men. Pollux (3,83) describes the lower-ranking people in Argus as gymnetes and compares them with the  helots in Sparta, the  penestae in Thessaly and the  korynephoroi in Sicyon. However in Argus (as in Sicyon) they tended to be dependents rather than slaves, and Stephanus of Byzantium (s.v. χίος) probably describes them correctly as gymnḗsioi. The error of Pollux should perhaps be explained by the fact that the helots often fought as lightly-armed soldiers (psíloi, Hdt. 9,29), for whom the Greeks used the term gymnetes. The gymne…

Cite this page
Cartledge, Paul A. (Cambridge), “Gymnetes”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 20 October 2018 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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