Brill’s New Pauly

Get access

Hades
(923 words)

[German version]

(ᾍδης; Háidēs). Greek term for the Underworld and its ruler. Various spellings are attested: Aides, Ais and Aedoneus in Homer, H. (aspirated) only in Attica. The etymology is unclear; the most recent proposal is that H. should be traced back to *a-wid ‘invisible’ [1. 575f.], cf. however [2. 302]. Outside Attica, for instance in Homer (Il. 23,244; Od. 11,623), the word can also designate the  Underworld, whose gates are guarded by the hell-hound  Cerberus (Il. 5,646; 8,368). In Homer H. is situated under the world but people also reach it if they trav…

Cite this page
Bremmer, Jan N. (Groningen), “Hades”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 24 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e501140>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



▲   Back to top   ▲