Brill’s New Pauly

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(3,432 words)

[English version]

The earliest information about the origin of the city is provided by Herodotus, its native son. According to Herodotus, Halicarnassus (H.) was founded on the Peloponnese by Doric settlers from Troezen. While a member of the Doric Hexapolis, it formed a cultic community with Lindus, Camirus, Ialysus, Cos and Cnidos (Hdt. 1,144; 7,99).

The name of H. was first made famous by Artemisia, ruler of the city, who fought with surprising vigour in the naval battle of Salamis in 480 BC on the Persian side, eliciting the High King's proverbia…

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Jeppesen, Kristian (Kopenhagen RWG), “Halicarnassus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 19 April 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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