Alongside the Helvecones, Manimi, Halisiones and Nahanarvali, the H. are a powerful branch of the Vandali-Lugii tribe (Tac. Germ. 43,2). The identification with the Charini (Plin. HN 4,99)  is uncertain; the old conjecture of reading the hand-written alii (Tac. Germ. 43,4) as (H)arii must be abandoned. Thus, the conclusions related to the supposed ferialis exercitus (‘army of ghosts’, ‘army of the dead’) of the H. are invalid. .
1 G. Neumann, s.v. Charini, RGA 4, 371f.
2 A. A. Lund, Kritischer Forsch.-Ber. zur Germa…