Brill’s New Pauly

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(225 words)

(Egyptian Ḥrw-m-ḫ.t, ‘Horus in the horizon’).

[German version]

[1] Name of the great Sphinx

Name under which the great  Sphinx of  Gizeh was venerated as the embodiment of the sun god since the beginning of the New Kingdom (c. 1500 BC). Many votive steles document the popularity of the cult amongst private people as well as kings.


J. Assmann, s.v. H., LÄ2, 992-996.

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Seidlmayer, Stephan Johannes (Berlin) and Ameling, Walter (Jena), “Harmachis”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 04 July 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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