Haruspices is the Latin term for viewers and interpreters of entrails (of animals) in various ancient cultures, mostly from Etruria (Cic. Div. 1,3). The etymology of the word's first syllable is unclear; amongst others, hira (‘intestines’) and hostia (from haruga, ‘sacrificial animal’) have been assumed [1. 45]. In Roman Republican times, the viewing of entrails (haruspicina) was regarded as an ars, an ‘empirical science’ base…
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Haase, Mareile (Toronto),
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 15 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e503830>