Brill’s New Pauly

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(298 words)

[German version]

[1] Trading centre in north Mesopotamia

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Syria | Zenobia | Commerce | Limes

Trading centre in north Mesopotamia, founded middle of the 1st cent. AD. Expanded to a fortified round city (c. 2 km diameter) in the mid 2nd cent., H. was an important sanctuary of the sun god  Šamaš and capital of a ‘kingdom of the Arabs’ starting c. 166, at the same time an Arsacid border province. The city was besieged in vain by Trajan (AD 116) and …

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Hauser, Stefan R. (Berlin) and Müller-Kessler, Christa (Emskirchen), “Ḥatra”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 23 July 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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