Brill’s New Pauly

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(1,274 words)

[German version]

I. Definition

The numerous literary sources regarding the history of the H. are often contradictory and inaccurate. In general the H. (εἵλωτες, εἱλώται, heílōtes, heilṓtai) are called by the usual Greek term for bonded persons, δοῦλοι (doûloi), but there is no agreement about the form of their dependency. Now and then the H. are compared with other likewise dependent population groups, for instance with the  Penestae of Thessaly (Pl. Leg. 77…

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Cartledge, Paul A. (Cambridge), “Helots”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 10 June 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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