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Hephaestus
(1,821 words)

(Ἥφαιστος; Hḗphaistos).

[German version]

I. Myth

H., the son of  Hera, is the Greek god of fire, the smithy and of craftsmen; the name's etymology is unknown.

H. is not documented in the Minoan-Mycenaean texts, even if a theophoric name appears in Mycenaean Knossos (apaitijo, KN L 588; [1. 34f.]). In Homer, H. is closely connected with his element,  fire. He possesses fire, which is stereotyped as φλὸξ Ἡφαιστοίο (‘flame of H.’; Hom. Il. 9,468 etc.), and his name is used as a metonym for fire (Hom. Il. 2…

Cite this page
Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) and Ley, Anne (Xanten), “Hephaestus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 10 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e507970>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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