Brill’s New Pauly

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(454 words)

[German version]

In addition to the most often substantiated form H., Hercles, Heracle, Hercele, Herchle and Herkle are known in Etruscan inscriptions as Etruscanized forms of the Greek name  Heracles [1] since the beginning of the 5th cent. BC [1. vol. 1, 114f.]. H. calanice corresponds to the Greek Hēraklḗs kallínikos (‘the glorious victor’) (Archil. fr. 324 IEG). For the Etruscans, the cult of H. especially belongs to the private sphere - as does the Heracles cult for the Greeks; he is mainly portrayed on small works of art (mirrors and cameos), which were mostly used in the burial cult.


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Aigner-Foresti, Luciana (Vienna), “Hercle”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 01 December 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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