Brill’s New Pauly

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(1,115 words)

[German version]

A. Name

H. is the Roman form of the Greek  Heracles (Ἡρακλῆς; Hēraklês), Old Latin Hercle and Hercoles, Latin Hercules, Oscan Her(e)cleis/clos, Etruscan  Hercle.

[German version]

B. Cattle breeding

The theft of  Geryoneus' cattle, which the oldest witnesses of the H. legend in Etruria (c. 600 BC) refer to, was the most important of H's. heroic deeds in Italy. The Roman myth relates that H. killed  Ca…

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Mastrocinque, Attilio (Verona), “Hercules”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 23 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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