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Heretics, controversy about their baptism
(183 words)

[German version]

As is evident in  Tertullianus [2] (De baptismo 15), the African Church only recognized its own  baptism. Christians baptized by separate groups ( Heresy I;  Schism) were rebaptized when changing to the mainstream Church. Under bishop  Cyprianus [2], a conflict arose in Carthage with the Roman bishop  Stephanus [6] (254-257) (known to historiography as the controversy about the ‘baptism of heretics’) because Rome accepted the baptisms performed by separate groups (notably the Novatians and Marcionites;  Novatianus;  Marcion) as valid (Cypr. Epist. 67; 69…

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Heimgartner, Martin (Halle), “Heretics, controversy about their baptism”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 20 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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