(Ἱρή/Hirḗ, Ἰρή/Irḗ, Εἶρα/Eîra). Mountain stronghold in the inaccessible ravined area in the south of the upper Neda on the northern border of Messenia, possibly on the 864 m high Hagios Athanasios near Kakaletri (traces of ancient fortifications). Aristomenes  led the battle against the Spartans from here in 500-490/489 BC (Third Messenian War).
Philippson/Kirsten 3,2, 357
F. Kiechle, Messenische Studien, 1959, 86ff.
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Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) and
Lienau, Cay (Münster),
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 23 July 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e515360>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510