Brill’s New Pauly

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(70 words)

[German version]

(Ἱρή/Hirḗ, Ἰρή/Irḗ, Εἶρα/Eîra). Mountain stronghold in the inaccessible ravined area in the south of the upper Neda on the northern border of Messenia, possibly on the 864 m high Hagios Athanasios near Kakaletri (traces of ancient fortifications).  Aristomenes [1] led the battle against the Spartans from here in 500-490/489 BC (Third Messenian War).


Philippson/Kirsten 3,2, 357

F. Kiechle, Messenische Studien, 1959, 86ff.

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Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) and Lienau, Cay (Münster), “Hira”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 30 July 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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