Brill’s New Pauly

Get access
Search Results: | 11 of 114 |

Hiram I
(188 words)

[German version]

King of Tyre ( Tyrus) (c. 962-929 BC). The name is shortened from the Phoenician Aḥīram (‘my brother is exalted’); known primarily for the trading expeditions sent as ‘joint ventures’ with King Solomon of Jerusalem to Ophir (India? East Africa? 1 Kg 9:26-28) and Tarsish (in the west of the Iberian peninsula,  Tartessus; 1 Kg 10:22, cf. Ez 27:12) [1. 251]. According to reliable surviving reports, including Josephus (Ap. 1,109-121), he was an active urban builder in Tyre and erected new temples for  Astarte and  Melqart-Hercules, with whose special resurrection ri…

Cite this page
Niemeyer, Hans Georg (Hamburg), “Hiram I”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 25 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e515370>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



▲   Back to top   ▲