Brill’s New Pauly

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Hispania, Iberia
(5,486 words)

I. Geography and history

[German version]

A. Name

Since the 1st cent. AD, H. has referred more and more to the entire Iberian Peninsula. Although the name Hispania is only attested since the time of the 2nd Punic War (218-201 BC; Liv. 21,2; Enn. Ann. 503), it is the oldest of all, because it is derived from Phoenician í-shephanním, ‘rabbit coast’ (according to a new interpretation ‘land of metal plates’). A further name was Ophioussa (‘land o…

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Barceló, Pedro (Potsdam), Toral-Niehoff, Isabel (Freiburg), Untermann, Jürgen (Pulheim/Köln), Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) and Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart), “Hispania, Iberia”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 22 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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