Brill’s New Pauly

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(588 words)

[German version]

The most important Egyptian hawk god, whose name (Egyptian Ḥrw, ‘the remote’) and form indicate his function as sky god. Any trace of his origins is lost in the mists of prehistory. The best-known H. god of historical times is H. Behedeti (Bḥdtj) from  Edfu in Upper Egypt, however, there is evidence of a Lower Egyptian origin. H. soon assimilated other hawk gods and was closely linked with the sun god. H. is also regarded as the morning sun; his name is an appellative in the sense of ‘ruler/highest/sublime’ (e.g. in Haracht…

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Felber, Heinz (Leipzig), “Horus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 15 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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