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(516 words)

(ὕβρις; hýbris). Ethical term for a behaviour that is deliberately dishonouring, including humiliating bodily infringements such as rape (authoritative definition: Aristotle Rh. 1378 b; Latin superbia). Etymologically, hybris is probably derived from Hittite huwap-: ‘to abuse’, the noun being *huwappar > *huppar [1]. Positive opposites:  aidṓs ,  díkē ,  eunomía ,  sōphrosýnē .

[German version]

I. General

In early Greek literature, hybris appears within the much varied terminological chain of ólbos - kóros - hýbris - átē (‘wealth’ - ‘full…

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Heinze, Theodor (Geneva) and Thür, Gerhard (Graz), “Hybris”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 17 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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