Brill’s New Pauly

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(120 words)

[German version]

(οἱ ὑπομείονες/hoi hypomeíones, literally: the ‘lesser ones’). In the context of the conspiracy of  Kinadon in 398 BC, the hypomeiones are named along with the  helots, the  neodamṓdeis and the  períoikoi as a group of Spartans with limited rights (Xen. Hell. 3,3,6). This was probably not a technical term but rather a collective designation for former  Spartiátai , who for various reasons and in different ways had fewer rights than the  hómoioi : cowardice in battle (cf.  trésantes ) caused the hypomeiones to be socially stigmatized, and loss of wealth or failure in the  a…

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Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld), “Hypomeiones”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 01 April 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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