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Imam
(137 words)

[German version]

(Arab. imām, in general ‘conductor, leader’). 1. conductor of prayer, i.e. prayer-leader in the mosque, 2. leader of the community of all Muslims in succession to the prophet  Mohammed (Muḥammad), i.e. religious and political head. The schools of law and lines of belief evidently have different views about qualifications, investiture and offices/duties of the imam. Among the  Sunnites: defender of faith, (religious) law and justice. The imam following on from the four  Caliphs, who had direct links to Mohammed, were increasingly worldly rulers. Among …

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Schönig, Hanne (Halle/Saale), “Imam”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 18 September 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e523560>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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