Brill’s New Pauly

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(1,448 words)

[German version]

In the broader sense the general military power of command of any (also non-Roman) commander; in the narrow sense, the military command of the highest officials in Rome (consul, praetor, dictator, magister equitum).

In the early Republic imperium is a partial aspect of the Roman power of office (auspicium). No later than the end of the 4th cent. BC do foreign policy conflicts with neighbours lead to the emphasis and stress on the military competence of the upper officials (auspicium imperiumque: Plaut. Amph. 192; 196). Finally in the late Republic, imperium denotes th…

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de Libero, Loretana (Hamburg), “Imperium”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 22 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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