Brill’s New Pauly

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(1,809 words)

[German version]

I. Name

Old Indian Sindhu as the name for the Indus river, is attested (with Iranian h) as Hindu in the ancient Persian inscriptions; from this came Greek Ἰνδός (Indōs; with the Ionian loss of h) for the river and then Ἰνδική (Indikḗ) for the country. The Latin terms are Indus and India.

[German version]

II. Early relationships

Whilst relationships between north-western I. and Mesopotamia go back to t…

Cite this page
Karttunen, Klaus (Helsinki), “India”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 21 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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