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Inferi
(310 words)

[German version]

Etymologically related to infra (‘below’), Inferi is a collective term for all the gods of the Underworld ( Manes). It corresponds to the Greek terms katachthónioi and hypochthónioi. The Dii Inferi are contrasted to the gods above the earth (Dii Superi CIL IX 5813) or the gods of the heavens (Dii Caelestes) and the earth (Dii Terrestres) (e.g. in a declaration of war by the  Fetiales: Liv. 1,32,9). In the cult, their Underworld nature is characterized by the way in which the sacrifice is offered to them: it is thrown on the ground (Fest. 27 L.…

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Prescendi, Francesca (Geneva), “Inferi”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 01 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e524440>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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