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Iran
(1,143 words)

(Middle Persian ērān, genitive plural of ēr, in Ērān-šahr, ‘land of the  Aryans/Iranians’ < Middle Persian ēr, Sassanid inscriptions and Paḫlavī literature of the 9th cent. AD < Old Iranian *arya-, Old Persian ariya-, Avestan airya-).

[German version]

I. History of the term

Although ariya- in itself carries ethnical meaning (the Achaemenids referred to themselves as ariya- ‘Aryan’ or respectively ariyaciça-, respectively ‘of Aryan descent’), the term I. (or respectively Ērān-š…

Cite this page
Wiesehöfer, Josef (Kiel), “Iran”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 27 June 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e527130>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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