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Iranian languages
(553 words)

[German version]

Iranian forms together with lndo-Aryan the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European family of languages. It belongs to the Satem languages. Iranian split into a large number of individual languages which were in antiquity spread over a much larger area than today, from Hungary and the Ukraine in the west over Kazakstan and Chinese Turkestan in the east and as far as Baluchistan in the south. Two ancient Iranian languages are relatively well known: the Avestan of the sacred writings of the followers of  Zoroaster and - less extensively - the Old Persian of the Ac…

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Oettinger, Norbert (Augsburg), “Iranian languages”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 21 September 2020 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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