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Irāq al-Amı̄r
(102 words)

[German version]

(Araq al-Amir). The ruins of I. and Qaṣr al-ʿAbd are located in Wādī al-Sīr, to the west of present-day Amman. From Achaemenid times it was a domain of the  Tobiads (Neh. 2,10; 2,19; 3,33; 3,35). I. consists of two man-made cave galleries, about 300 m in length. Lying above on a plateau, the palace or monument structure with animal reliefs (Qaṣr al-ʿAbd) belonged to the fortification (βάρις) of Tyre of the Tobiad  Hyrcanus [1], founded in 181 BC (Jos. Ant. Iud. 12, 229-234).

Bibliography

E. Will, F. Larché et al., I.: Le château du Tobiade…

Cite this page
Leisten, Thomas (Princeton), “Irāq al-Amı̄r”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 18 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e527190>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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