Brill’s New Pauly

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(2,340 words)

[German version]

I. Egypt

The origin, meaning of the name and original role of the Egyptian goddess I. are not entirely certain. There is much evidence to indicate a home in the 12th Egyptian district with its capital at Per-Hebit (pr-ḥbjt), Latin Iseum, modern Bahbīt al-Ḥiǧāra. The long-standing opinion that I. personifies the royal throne is based on the fact that her name was written with the image of a throne. However, the likely root of the name (st) describes I. as ‘one who has power to rule’. It is significant that she is incl…

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Grieshammer, Reinhard (Heidelberg), Haase, Mareile (Toronto) and Takacs, Sarolta A. (Cambridge, MA), “Isis”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 25 June 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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