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Italia [I-II]
(5,411 words)

I. Geography and history

[German version]

A. The name and its development

The name I. acquired its modern meaning during the Augustan period; it originally described the kingdom of the Oenotrian ruler Italus, comprising the Bruttian peninsula from Sila to Scylletium (Antiochus FGrH 555 F 5; according to Hecat. FGrH 1 F 41,51-53, Medma, Locris, Caulonia, and Krotalla were in I.). Hellanicus links I. with the term vitulus (‘calf’) and the legend of the calf of  Geryoneus which had run awa…

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Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence), Niehoff, Johannes (Freiburg), Mastrocinque, Attilio (Verona) and Eder, Walter (Berlin), “Italia [I-II]”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 20 October 2020 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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